The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals: 2013 Edition state that intracardiac injections are acceptable when performed on anesthetized or unconscious animals. The intracardiac injection procedure is unacceptable when performed on awake animals, due in part to the high probability of pain.
Modified on: Fri, 15 Jun, 2018 at 12:41 PM
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